A Complete Guide on the UPSC Civils Exam Pattern & Syllabus{UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern & Syllabus PDF}

UPSC Civils Exam Pattern

The union public service commission conducts the UPSC Exam to select officers for various administrative positions across the country.

It offers excellent career opportunities to talented and dynamic young individuals. In the article, A Complete Guide on the UPSC Civils Exam Pattern & Syllabus, we are going to discuss various aspects of the UPSC Civils Exam Pattern and important related topics.

UPSC Civils Exam Pattern
UPSC Civils Exam Pattern

Note:  The  Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) officially known as the UPSC conducts the Civil Services Examination better known as The IAS exam annually to select personnel for all India administrative services.

  • Examination name: Civil Services Exam ( IAS Exam)
  • Examination mode: Offline
  • IAS Examination Pattern: Prelims (MCQs), Mains descriptive
  • Examination frequency: Once every year
  • Number of Examination papers: Prelims: 2 Mains: 9
  • Number of Examination stages : (1) Prelims exam  (2) Mains exam (3) Interview
A Complete Guide on the  UPSC Civils Exam Pattern and Syllabus
A Complete Guide on the UPSC Civils Exam Pattern and Syllabus

UPSC Civils Exam Pattern

UPSC Civils Exam Pattern: The Union public service commission conducts the UPSC civil services exam( IAS exam) in three different stages.

  1. UPSC civil services prelims (IAS prelims)
  2. UPSC civil services Mains (IAS mains)
  3. UPSC civil services exam interview( IAS interview).

A candidate has to clear all these three stages to achieve their dream of becoming a civil servant. The UPSC has designed the UPSC Civils  Exam Pattern and UPSC exam pattern and syllabus in such a way that all stages are unique and assess the different qualities of an IAS aspirant.

The right approach to UPSC Civils Exam Pattern and UPSC civil services exam (IAS) preparation can guarantee your success in the IAS exam.

UPSC Civils Exam pattern: The UPSC Civil Services Exam pattern is subdivided into the following three important categories.

  1. UPSC civil services prelims exam pattern
  2. UPSC civil services Mains Exam pattern
  3. UPSC civil services exam interview pattern

UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern

The UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern is as follows.

  1. The Union public service commission (UPSC) conducts all the stages of the IAS exam process offline.
  2. In UPSC prelims exam question pattern is of objective type or MCQs in nature, which the candidates have to answer in an OMR sheet.
  3. However, candidates have to be careful while attempting the IAS prelims question because of a negative marking system.
  4. Generally, the commission conducts both papers of the IAS prelims exam in a single day (usually Sunday).

Note: Download the UPSC exam pattern PDF, UPSC Exam pattern in Hindi, UPSC Exam pattern for IPS, UPSC exam question paper, UPSC exam pattern and syllabus, UPSC civil services exam syllabus from the UPSC official website.

UPSC Civils ( IAS Exam)Exam Pattern

The structure of the UPSC Civils  Exam pattern ( IAS exam) is divided broadly into three stages.

  1. Stage I: UPSC Preliminary Examination (IAS Prelims exam)
  2. Stage II: UPSC Mains Examination (IAS Mains exam )
  3. Stage III: UPSC Personality Test (IAS Interview)

Stage I: IAS Exam Pattern – UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern

  1. UPSC IAS Exam Paper – I: General Studies   (2 Hours)
  2. UPSC IAS Exam Paper – II: General Studies (CSAT) (2 Hours)

The UPSC IAS Exam (Prelims)  questions (UPSC exam question paper ) are Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)or objective type questions. A Negative Marking system is applied in the UPSC IAS (Prelims) Exam.

The General Studies (GS) Paper-II (CSAT) in the UPSC IAS exam is a qualifying exam. The applicants who secure a minimum of 33 per cent in the General Studies paper pass to the subsequent step of the UPSC IAS exam i.e. the UPSC Mains exam.

The applicants must attend both the papers of civil services prelims exam for the evaluation. The marks scored in the preliminary examination are not considered for the final score.

Stage II: IAS Exam pattern – UPSC Civils Mains Exam Pattern

The second stage of the UPSC IAS Exam is the UPSC civil services Mains Exam. It is a descriptive type of written examination comprising 9 papers.

The  UPSC Civils mains Exam pattern (UPSC exam pattern and syllabus ) is as follows.

1           Paper – A        Compulsory Indian Language            3 Hours duration

2          Paper – B         English            3 Hours

3          Paper – I          ESSAY 3 Hours

4          Paper-II           General Studies I        3 Hours

5          Paper – III       General Studies II       3 Hours

6          Paper-IV       General Studies III      3 Hours

7          Paper – V        General Studies IV      3 Hours

8          Paper – VI       Optional Paper I         3 Hours

9          Paper – VII      Optional Paper-II        3 Hours

UPSC Exam Pattern and Syllabus

UPSC official website is the only official source of the UPSC exam pattern and syllabus. UPSC  specifies all the details related to the UPSC exam pattern and syllabus.

UPSC Syllabus provides concrete information related to the UPSC IAS  Exam. Visit the official UPSC website using the above link to learn all about UPSC Civils Exam Pattern and frequently asked questions

UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern
UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern

Details of UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern

UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern  (UPSC exam pattern and syllabus )  is as follows.

  1. The Union public service commission (UPSC) conducts all the stages of the IAS Exam process offline.
  2. In UPSC prelims exam questions pattern is of objective or MCQ type.
  3. Candidates have to be careful while attempting the IAS prelims question because of a negative marking system.
  4. The commission conducts both papers of the IAS prelims exam in a single day.

UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern

  1. UPSC IAS Exam (UPSC Prelims Exam )Paper – I General Studies (2 Hours)
  2. UPSC IAS Exam (UPSC Prelims Exam) Paper – II: General Studies (CSAT) (2 Hours)

A Negative Marking system is applied in the UPSC IAS (Prelims) Exam. The General Studies (GS) Paper-II (CSAT) in the UPSC IAS exam is a qualifying exam.

The applicants must secure a minimum of 33 per cent in the General Studies paper to appear for the UPSC Mains exam. The applicants must attend both the papers of civil services prelims exam for the evaluation.

The marks scored in the preliminary examination are not considered for the final score.

UPSC Civils Exam Pattern
UPSC Civils Exam Pattern

IAS Exam Pattern (UPSC Civils Exam Pattern)

The structure of the IAS Exam pattern ( IAS exam) is divided broadly into three stages.

  1. Stage I: IAS Preliminary Examination (IAS Prelims exam)
  2. Stage II: IAS Mains Examination (IAS Mains exam )
  3. Stage III: IAS Personality Test (IAS Interview)

Stage I: IAS Exam – UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern

  1. IAS Exam Paper – I: General Studies  (2 Hours)
  2. IAS Exam Paper – II: General Studies (CSAT) (2 Hours)

The IAS Exam (Prelims)  topics are of Multiple choice or objective type. A Negative Marking system is applied in the  IAS (Prelims) Exam. The General Studies (GS) Paper-II (CSAT) in the IAS exam is a qualifying exam.

The applicants who secure a minimum of 33 per cent in the General Studies paper pass to the subsequent step of the IAS exam i.e. the UPSC Mains exam. The applicants must attend both the papers of civil services prelims exam for the evaluation.

The marks secured in the preliminary examination are not judged for the final record.

Stage II: IAS Exam – UPSC Mains Exam Pattern

The second stage of the IAS Exam is the UPSC civil services Mains Exam. It is a descriptive type of written examination comprising 9 papers.

The  UPSC  mains Exam pattern is as follows.

1           Paper – A        Compulsory Indian Language            3 Hours  duration

2          Paper – B         English            3 Hours

3          Paper – I          ESSAY 3 Hours

4          Paper-II           General Studies -I       3 Hours

5          Paper – III       General Studies- II      3 Hours

6          Paper-IV       General Studies -III    3 Hours

7          Paper – V        General Studies- IV    3 Hours

8          Paper – VI       Optional Paper- I        3 Hours

9          Paper – VII      Optional Paper- I        3 Hours

UPSC Syllabus

UPSC Syllabus: The UPSC conducts the Civil Services Examination (CSE) for various posts such as IAS, IPS and IFS. The Union Public Service Commission Syllabus (UPSC Syllabus)  consists of three sections. They are the UPSC  Prelims syllabus, UPSC Mains syllabus and the UPSC  Interview. The UPSC Prelims syllabus is intended to evaluate a candidate’s understanding of current affairs and aptitude.

The preliminary paper is a mandatory exam. You can download the UPSC  syllabus at www. upsconline. nic. in for free.

UPSC Syllabus  – IAS Syllabus For Prelims and Mains

Note: UPSC syllabus (IAS syllabus) may change from time to time. Therefore always check the official website for the up to date UPSC syllabus before applying.

A candidate has to have a complete and comprehensive understanding of the IAS syllabus or the UPSC syllabus to have a complete understanding of the UPSC exam.

Here is the complete and comprehensive UPSC  syllabus for the Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).

Usually, the UPSC releases the official notification for the Civil Service Exam along with the UPSC  syllabus [UPSC Civil Services Prelims and Mains].

You can read the UPSC Exam syllabus pdf at the UPSC official website moreover you can also download the syllabus of UPSC exam pattern PDF for both Prelims and Mains.

UPSC has a  common UPSC syllabus pattern for all the civil service exams such as the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service, Indian Foreign Service and Indian Revenue Service.

The UPSC Prelims Exam syllabus focuses on general studies, whereas the UPSC Mains Exam syllabus comprises nine theory papers.

UPSC Prelims Exam Syllabus (IAS Prelims Syllabus)

The Preliminary Examination(UPSC prelims  )is the primary step of the UPSC Exam selection process. An aspiring candidate has to attend two general studies papers for the Civil Services (Preliminary) Exam.

The General Studies Paper-II is better known as the Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT).

UPSC Prelims Exam  syllabus  for general studies (GS) Paper (Prelims Paper I)

UPSC Prelims Exam  topic wise syllabus

  • CSE paper 1 current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography.
  • Indian Polity and Governance.
  • Economic and Social Development.
  • General issues on Environment.
  • General Science

UPSC ( IAS Exam) Syllabus for Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) Paper (Prelims Paper-II) Exam

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills and communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision-making and problem solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy Data interpretation.

UPSC  Mains Exam Syllabus -IAS Selection Procedure

The  Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) releases a merit list of contestants selected for the Civil Services Main Exam based on the UPSC civil services results.

The second stage of the UPSC Exam judges the candidates on various subjects. The UPSC main syllabus consists of nine descriptive type papers.

UPSC Mains Exam  Syllabus

The UPSC Mains Exam syllabus is intended to assess the academic excellence of a candidate. The UPSC Main examination (UPSC recruitment)  syllabus consists of 9 papers.

1           Paper-A           (Qualifying Paper) Indian Language

2          Paper-B           (Qualifying Paper) English

3          Paper-I            Essay

4          Paper-II           General Studies – I

5          Paper-III          General Studies – II

6          Paper-IV          General Studies – III

7          Paper-V           General Studies – IV

8          Paper-VI          Optional Subject – Paper I

9          Paper-VII         Optional Subject – Paper II

IAS Mains Syllabus – Indian Language & English

Indian Language & English paper tests the candidates’ ability to read and understand ideas clearly and correctly in English and the Indian language.

IAS Mains Essay – Paper-I

In IAS Mains Essay – Paper-I Candidates have to write essays on diverse topics. The essay is expected to be close to the topic and as such arrange the ideas and contents of the essay in an orderly manner and write concisely.

Weightage is awarded for the effective and exact expression of the IAS Mains Essay.

IAS Mains General Studies-I Syllabus

The IAS Mains General Studies-I Syllabus consists of  History and Geography of the World, Indian Heritage and Culture etc.

  1. Indian Heritage
  2. Modern Indian History
  3. World History
  4. Indian Society
  5. Geography

IAS Mains General Studies-II Syllabus

Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations

  1. Indian Constitution:
  2. Indian Polity
  3. Social Justice
  4. International Relations
  5. Indian Governance

IAS Mains General Studies-III Syllabus

Technology, Environment, Bio-diversity, Security and Disaster Management, Economic Development.

  1. Indian Economy
  2. Security
  3. Environment & Bio-diversity
  4. Disaster Management
  5. Science and Technology

IAS Mains General Studies-IV Syllabus

Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude

  1. Ethics and Human Interface
  2. Probity in Governance
  3. Public or Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration:
  4. Attitude
  5. Aptitude
  6. Emotional Intelligence

IAS Mains Optional Subject Syllabus

Aspiring Candidates are free to choose any optional subject from the list of given optional subjects.

IAS Interview Syllabus

Qualified candidates in the Civil Services Main Examination(UPSC exam)are called for the Personality Test or the Civil Services Examination Interview.

The UPSC Exam board evaluate the leadership qualities, intellectual and moral integrity, and knowledge of the current affairs of the candidate during the Personality Test or Interview.

Note: The IAS Interview has no specific UPSC syllabus, hence, candidates have to work more on their personality traits, leadership qualities, intellectual and moral integrity, knowledge of current affairs etc.

Where to find UPSC Syllabus?

You can find the UPSC syllabus and the following related topics at Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) official site.

Details of UPSC Exam Pattern and Syllabus PDF

UPSC’s official website is the only official source of the UPSC exam pattern and syllabus PDF.UPSC  specifies all the details related to the UPSC Exam Pattern. The UPSC exam pattern and syllabus provide concrete information related to the UPSC IAS  Exam.

UPSC Exam Pattern PDF
UPSC Exam Pattern PDF

UPSC Exam Pattern PDF

UPSC’s official website is the only official source of information and details related to the UPSC Exam Pattern. You can find and download the UPSC Exam pattern PDF and PDF of the following related topics at the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) official site.

  • UPSC Exam Pattern
  • UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern
  • UPSC Mains Exam Pattern
  • Education Qualification For IAS
  • UPSC Subjects and Optional Subject List
  • UPSC Exam Syllabus
  • UPSC Mains Exam Syllabus
  • Where To Find UPSC Exam Syllabus?
  • UPSC Exam Age Limit
  • UPSC Eligibility criteria
  • IAS Age Limit For Female
  • Age Limit For UPSC Exam
  • What is IPS Exam?

UPSC Civil Services Exam Syllabus

The UPSC civil services exam syllabus and UPSC exam pattern and syllabus can provide a genuine idea about the UPSC exam question paper for this year.

UPSC Exam Pattern

What is UPSC Civils Exam Pattern? UPSC’s official website is the only official source of information related to the UPSC Exam Pattern. You can download the UPSC Exam pattern PDF at the  (UPSC) official site.

UPSC Exam Pattern for IPS

UPSC’s official website provides the official information and details related to the UPSC Exam Pattern for IPS. UPSC- IPS     Aspirants can download the UPSC Exam pattern for IPS  PDF at the Union Public Service Commission official site.

UPSC Exam Pattern

What is  UPSC Civils Exam Pattern? UPSC’s official website provides official details related to the UPSC Exam Pattern. Candidates can download the UPSC Exam pattern PDF at the UPSC official site.

UPSC Civils Exam Pattern
UPSC Civils Exam Pattern

UPSC Total Marks

Civil Services Preliminary Examination

UPSC Total Marks: The UPSC preliminary examination centres on the logical abilities and perception of the UPSC candidate. The new UPSC Civils Exam Pattern covers two papers of two hours spans and 200 marks each.

Paper I tests the awareness of current events, history of India and Indian national movement, Indian and world geography, Indian polity Panchayati Raj system and governance, economic and social development, environmental ecology, biodiversity, climate change and general science, Art and culture.

Paper-II ( CSAT or Civil Services Aptitude Test), tests the abilities in understanding, interpersonal skills, communication, logical reasoning, analytical ability, decision making, problem-solving, basic numeracy, data interpretation, English language comprehension skills and mental ability. the marks obtained in this paper are not counted for merit.

Civil Services Mains Examination

The Civil Services Mains Examination consists of a written examination and an interview. The Civil Services Main written examination consists of nine papers, two qualifying and seven rankings in nature.

Each paper is of a duration of 3 hours. Candidates who qualify for qualifying papers are listed according to marks and a selected number of candidates are called for an interview or a personality test.

The distribution of UPSC Total Marks  is as follows

1           Paper-A           (One of the listed Indian languages (Qualifying)     300 marks

2          Paper-B           English (Qualifying)   300 marks

3          Paper-I            Essay   250 marks

4          Paper-II           General Studies-I        250 marks

5          Paper-III          General Studies-II       250 marks

6          Paper-IV          General Studies-III     250 marks

7          Paper-V           General Studies-IV     250 marks

8          Paper-VI          Optional subjects        250 marks

9          Paper-VII         Optional subjects        250 marks

Sub Total (Written Test)        1750 marks

Personality Test (Interview)               275 marks

Total Marks     2025 marks

What is UPSC CSE?

The UPSC CSE  is the UPSC  Civil Service Exam. An aspiring candidate can become an IAS  officer, By cracking the UPSC Civil Service Exam (IAS Exams).

Similarly, By cracking the Indian civil service Exam you can also join other civil services in the Indian Administration such as IPS, IFS and IRS.

Therefore, calling the UPSC Civil Service Exam a civil services examination or IAS Exam is not correct in the true sense.

Hence, you must have understood by now that the UPSC CSE Exam not only offers IAS Exams but also other civil services (civils exam)in the Indian Administration such as IPS, IFS, IRS etc.

The Indian civil service exam (UPSC Civil Service Exam) is conducted in three phases, the UPSC Prelims, the UPSC CSE Mains, and the Personal Interview.

Candidates who qualify for all three levels of the UPSC Civil Service Exam (CSE/IAS)get an All India Rank based on their civil service results. The UPSC results and the UPSC mains mark sheet are published on the civil services website.

Now, the service of the candidate is generally decided by these civil services results and the All India Rank. The first phase of the UPSC CSE Exam is the UPSC prelims and it is a qualifier round.

The UPSC Prelims Exam has two papers, General Studies Paper-I and General Studies Paper-II. A candidate must appear in both the IAS prelims papers.

The UPSC CSE Mains Exam has subjective questions. The answers to all the India IAS questions are subjective or written.

Finally, IAS ka full form is the Indian Administrative Service (IAS). Further, the  IFS IPS IAS  exams are also known as civil service exams.

A genuine UPSC aspirant can visit the official website of the UPSC to download the authentic details of the following documents.

  • UPSC civil services exam syllabus
  • UPSC exam question paper
  • UPSC exam pattern and syllabus
  • UPSC exam pattern for IPS
  • UPSC exam pattern

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)on UPSC Civils Exam Pattern

Question. What is the pattern of the UPSC exam?

Answer. The UPSC (Civil Services) Exam pattern is broadly divided into three. They are as follows;
1. UPSC (Civil Services) Preliminary Exam
2. UPSC (Civil Services) Mains Exam
3. UPSC (Civil Services) Interview Exam

Question. What are the 7 papers of UPSC?

Answer. The 7 papers of the UPSC (Civil Services) Exam are as follows;
1. Paper‐I (Essay)
2. Paper‐2 (General Studies 1)
3. Paper‐3 (General Studies 2)
4. Paper‐4 (General Studies 3)
5. Paper‐5 (General Studies 4)
6. Paper‐6 (Optional Subject Paper 1)
7. Paper‐7 (Optional Subject Paper 2)

Question. Which degree is best for IAS?

Answer. There is no correct explanation to this question, as the best degree for IAS depends on your unique credentials and goals.
However, some of the most common degrees that are popular among IAS aspirants include degrees in engineering, medicine, law and business administration.

Question. Is math compulsory for UPSC?

Answer. No, maths is not mandatory in the UPSC exam. However, it is strongly recommended that candidates understand basic concepts of mathematics to have a better understanding of the questions asked in the exam.

Question. What is the paper pattern of UPSC Prelims?

Answer. The paper pattern of the UPSC Prelims exam constitutes two mandatory papers (multiple-choice or objective type).
They are as follows;
• General Studies Paper I
• General Studies Paper-II

Question. What are the subjects for UPSC?

Answer. The typical subjects that are suggested as part of the UPSC Civil Services examination include English language, mathematics, general knowledge, and logical reasoning.

Question. How many subjects are there in IAS?

Answer. There are a total of 48 subjects in the IAS exam. Candidates can select the suitable subjects of their choice from the list of 25 optional subjects and 23 literature language subjects.

Question. How many exams are there in the UPSC exam?

Answer. The UPSC Exam is broadly divided into three. They are as follows;
1. UPSC (Civil Services) Preliminary Exam
2. UPSC (Civil Services) Mains Exam
3. UPSC (Civil Services) Interview Exam
UPSC Prelims exam constitutes two mandatory papers (multiple-choice or objective type). They are;
• General Studies Paper I
• General Studies Paper-II
UPSC Mains exam constitutes 7 mandatory papers (subjective type/ written). They are;
1. Paper‐I (Essay)
2. Paper‐2 (General Studies 1)
3. Paper‐3 (General Studies 2)
4. Paper‐4 (General Studies 3)
5. Paper‐5 (General Studies 4)
6. Paper‐6 (Optional Subject Paper 1)
7. Paper‐7 (Optional Subject Paper 2)

Conclusion

UPSC Civils Exam Pattern:  In this article,  we have  discussed  various aspects of the UPSC Civils exam pattern  and important  related topics  such as

  1. UPSC Civils Exam Pattern
  2. IAS Exam Pattern
  3. UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern
  4. UPSC Exam Pattern PDF
  5. UPSC Total Marks

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